Ms. Laddawan Sarapat


The lotus flower, the queen of aquatic plants, is the symbol of Buddhism and representative of Buddhist’s spirituality. In Buddhism, lotus represents morality in humans, which can be compared to four types of lotus, ranging from the lotus above water, the lotus at the water surface, the underwater lotus to the lowest lotus under the mud. As the lotus remains its purity without any dirt despite its origin in the mud, the lotus can represent the beauty originated amongst filth. Compared to humans born with purity, those who live their life with greed, sinful mind and desire are like the lowest lotus that is blind to its purity.

In Buddhism, greed can be divided into 3 types, including greediness, hatred, and delusion. Greediness is the desire attached to human’s senses such as physicality, taste, scent and sound. Hatred involves the feeling of intense detestation that can cause disturbance, emotional break-out and violence. Delusion is the allure caused by human’s ignorance.

Inspired by human’s greed, a design concept highlights greediness and hatred. There are irregular lines, like a human mind that has not yet been refined from the Dharma. Comparing a human’s mind to the lotus, the pure shapes and details of the lotus are deformed, exaggerated and layered with various techniques in order to represent human’s greediness and hatred.


The creation entitled “KILESSA” is a fashion creation that reflects human’s greed, one of the principles in Buddhism that reminds us to be conscious and mindful. In this project, human’s greed is translated into fashion through various design features. Based on shapes and lines developed from the analysis of lotus, volumes and layers represent greediness, while exaggerating lines illustrate hatred. Different design techniques on the outfit are aimed not only to symbolize infinite human’s greeds, but also to remind ourselves to refrain from delusion and greed.

Objectives Aims or Purposes

1. To create an artistic and wearable outfit that reflects human’s greediness and hatred through the use of symbols in Buddhism.
2. To study design techniques and the lotus as a means to reflect human’s greed.
3. To raise the awareness of human’s greed in our mind and remain mindful of our consciousness that prevents us from greed and delusion.
4. To improve design skills and techniques for fashion design which will be advantageous to teaching.

Process or Methods

1. Studying Buddhism and investigating on human’s greed and lotus.
2. Studying the action of hatred in humans such as moodiness, bursting out, rudeness, violence and uncontrollable behaviors (both physically and verbally).
3. Analyzing and conceptualizing.
4. Develop design sketches based on the analysis. Make a toile fitting.
5. Experimenting design techniques. Various techniques employed on lines and shapes analyzed from the lotus represent human’s greed. Voluminous gathering, layering, cascading ruffles symbolize infinite desire, while exaggerating shapes, stiffness and exploding outline illustrate hatred.
6. Analyzing practical and technical problems in order to create final outfits.

Techniques and materials

1. Techniques
Pin tucks tucking fabric and inserting silk threads into lineal patterns developed from lotus flowers and leaves. Disheveled lines represent human’s confusion and uncontrollable desire and anger.
Magic pattern creating a hole pattern that symbolizes infinite greed hidden deep down in human’s mind.
2. Materials
Organza’s slight shininess is similar to the surface of lotus, while crushed chiffon’s roughness represents anxiety and disturbed mind.
Silk/ Chiffon
Fine silk threads, which resemble lotus filament, are embroidered. Its long and disheveled lines can be compared to human’s confusion over greed.
Embroidery thread

Size or Mins.

Fashion Design Textile Design


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