Wabi-Sabi philosophy is one part of the Japanese aesthetic which is derived from the relationship of feeling and spirituality. It is also found from life experience and nature, including Buddhist insights. Shortly, “Wabi” means simplicity while “Sabi” means the appreciation of uncontrollable decay including imperfect and unfinished. Symbolism is one of important techniques, was used in poetry and literature during the early pursuit of aesthetics. The concept “Impermanence” storytelling and symbolism techniques are mainly used. Wabi-Sabi philosophy history from Muromachi period to Edo period was told.
1. “Contradictions of thought” and expressed asymmetry, incompleteness in nature, is symbolized with long dress and skirts of different lengths, the long dress and short overcoat are represented wealthy people. The short skirt is represented the humble group of people, or “wabi-sabi” group.
2. The concept of “Shibusa” or naturalness are represented asymmetry and incompleteness with the 2 pieces long dress combination. One is reduced and cut some part off, then put together by stitching over each other.
3. “Confusion” concept is symbolized as a long piece of clothes folded alternately, and assembled on a long dress and also represented simplicity with confusion of life.
4. “Simplicity” based concept is symbolized as a single piece of long cloth using the “Kiri” technique or cutting out the unnecessary things to a minimum as “wabi”.
5. “Emergence” concept is symbolized with a simple square shape nested behind a long plain dress, using 2 long pieces of fabric attached to the back of the plain dress that is patched with different colored of fabrics at the back. The Kintsugi technique was used. It is a technique for fixing pottery showing imperfections.
Square shape behind the body come from the concept of changing style to new attitude, called “Iki” in Edo period. Rikyu’s teacup concept is simple and homegrown, using local woven clothes, which is a natural color, naturally dyed indigo and ebony. They are pineapple fiber fabric, cotton fabric, hemp fabric and linen fabric to represent “Wabi (simplicity) -Sabi(home grown)”.
The use of natural fiber hand woven technique for High Fashion is only average. High fashion and design are fairy good. Symbolism technique and possibilities in design simplicity should be worked in progress.
Symbolism technique is applied in fashion design. Experiment of symbolism technique with storytelling by representing forms and structures, using homegrown natural fiber woven; hemp, cotton, linen which are hand woven fabric for fashion apparel.